Wise Woman Herbal Ezine

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  • Monday, March 18, 2013 2:05 PM | Anonymous
    Greeting to you all, friends, students, apprentices, mentor members, and new faces!

    Bird songs are filling the air around me! Today the red tailed hawks were calling back and forth and flying over the goats and I in wide swoops. A delightful display to entertain us as we all laid about, basking in the sun, soaking up those vitamin D rich rays.

    Did you know? From spring equinox to autumn equinox, fifteen minutes of exposure (arms and face) to the midday sun will net about 60,000 IU of vitamin D. Any excess is stored for up to two years. Yep, right through the winter. So let’s get outside and make some vitamin D, while the sun is shining.

    While we’re outside, we are bound to see a cedar tree or juniper bush. They grow everywhere it seems: city and country, desert and mountain, icy and sweltering. No matter where you are, you can find a cedar or a juniper and follow along as we explore these ancient, mysterious, magical trees in the coming weeks.

    Speaking of coming weeks, apprentices will soon arrive and class will begin. For the past three years I have had spectacular live-out apprentice groups. This year too few of you have chosen this option. So I want to pitch it to you. It’s a great opportunity and so reasonably priced, too. You have two years to complete your live-out apprenticeship: to attend every one of my one-day classes plus at least one moon lodge. Plus you get to stay over Saturday night in between workshops and have dinner and participate in frequent special teaching events scheduled for that evening. And did I mention that you save big time? You get a glorious graduation ceremony, which includes, at your discretion, an initiation as a green witch, too.

    I really want several more special people to participate as live-out apprentices. If you are attracted to do this, it is not too late to apply. I am flexible about payments and your need to skip weekends. If you are inclined, but undecided, come to one or more of the first four workshops this spring and I will apply a credit of up to $300 ($75 per workshop) to your live-out apprentice fees. A bargain, I tell you. No lie.

    Meanwhile, find a cedar or a juniper and read the following poem out loud to it. You will be surprised at the plant’s reaction.

    Green blessings everyone.
  • Saturday, March 16, 2013 8:22 PM | Anonymous

    Longevity of Herbs

    How long an herb can be stored and stay useful depends on many factors, primarily

    1.    The weather when the herb is harvested needs to be dry and sunny to prevent the growth of molds and bacteria on the dried herbs.
    2.    Organic and wild-grown plant seem to last longer than commercial herbs.
    3.    Harvesting the herb at the right time in its growth assures the longest lasting dried herb. Using a sharp cutting tool is also important.
    4.    Herbs need to be dried immediately after they are harvested. Protein-rich herbs are fussy and need to be handled in special ways. Other herbs are tougher and easier to dry.
    5.    Herbs stored in a cool, dry place will retain usefulness for the longest possible time.
    6.    Herbs kept as whole as possible will store for longer than those that have been cut or powdered.

    Elmed Matzo Brie
    for two

    2 whole wheat matzos, broken into small pieces
    4 organic eggs from down the road, beaten with a palmful of water
    1-3 tablespoonfuls of slippery elm powder (or 1 each slippery elm and astragalus powders)
    ½ teaspoonful sea salt
    2 tablespoons organic butter or coconut oil

    Beat slippery elm powder into the eggs. Add broken matzo pieces. Let soak for as long as it takes to read the funny pages in the newspaper or to do the daily crossword. If these are inconceivable luxuries, then soak the matzo in the egg and slippery elm overnight and it will be ready to cook in the morning.

    To cook, melt butter in a heavy (cast iron) skillet. Add soaked matzo and any extra egg to the skillet all at once. Lower heat a bit and cook until it is firm enough to turn over, hopefully as one piece. Continue to cook until the egg is set and the matzo is hot.

    Delicious with fresh fruit and maple syrup or sour cream, though I like a savory version, with herbed tara cheese as the topping.

  • Saturday, March 16, 2013 8:20 PM | Anonymous
    Greetings to all!

    May the breezes of spring open your heart to another season, another cycle, another year of green blessings.

    Thank you all so much for your enthusiastic response to my new mentorship site. I feel so privileged to be allowed to help you find your way in herbalism. There are so many paths and so many opportunities, and so many ways to wander into a path that isn’t really the best for you when sharing the green. “The mentor’s hindsight is the student’s foresight,” a recent fortune cookie told me. May my many mistakes pave the way for your success.

    When my mom died, I noticed that I could no longer call her with my good news. In her honor, I have endeavored to become that glad heart for others. That someone you can feel comfortable with while enjoying sharing your good luck and your accomplishments. May my delight in your growth nourish you.

    As we move into the growing and harvesting seasons, I continue to work in the storeroom, making room. Thus comes the question: “How long can I store herbs?” Or “How long will herbs stay good?”

    The answer is, of course, “That depends.”

    I am continually surprised at the longevity of the herbs I harvest. Dried nettle ten years old still infuses with bright green color and rich deep taste. Red clover blossoms dried five years old are still wonderfully scented and brightly hued. Cronewort harvested twenty years ago fills the room with her scent and tastes reliably bitter.

    That depends on:    

    1.    The weather when the herb was harvested.
    2.    How the plant was grown.
    3.    How the herb was harvested.
    4.    How the herb was dried.
    5.    How the herb was stored.
    6.    How the herb was prepared before and after storage

    I will discuss each of these variables in further detail on the very next page, where you will also find a new slippery elm recipe. Mentorship students will continue their studies of slippery elm throughout this week with lots more slippery elm recipes and info and will find a much longer discussion of the topic of herb longevity in their special ezine pages.

    Wishing you all spring green blessings.
  • Saturday, March 02, 2013 8:08 PM | Anonymous
    What They Say About Slippery Elm

    1755, James Smith: “In this month [February] we began to make sugar. As some of the elm bark strips at this season, the women, after finding a tree that will do, cut it down. With a crooked stick, broad and sharp at the end, they took the bark off the trees, and of this bark made vessels   that would hold about two gallons each. They made above one hundred of these. They also made bark vessels for carrying the maple water that would hold about four gallons each. . . . . They made the frost, in some measure, supply the place of fire, in making the sugar. Their large bark vessels, for holding the maple water, they made broad and shallow. The maple water freezes at night and the ice they break and cast out of the vessels. I observed that after several times freezing, the maple water that remained in the vessel changed in color and became brown and very sweet.” (from Use of Plants for the Past 500 Years, Charlotte Erichsen-Brown, Breezy Creeks, 1979)

    7871, J. Shoepf, Materia Medica Americana
    “Salve bark” is used to treat skin ulcers, abscesses, inflammations, burns, chilblains, boils, broken bones, syphilitic eruptions, and leprosy.

    1859, Gunn
    “It is so important an article that it may be had at almost any drugstore now in finely ground powder. . . .”

    1931, Maude Grieve, A Modern Herbal
    “The bark of the American Elm...is considered on of the most valuable remedies in herbal practice, the abundant mucilage it contains having wonderfully strengthening and healing qualities.  It. . . has a most soothing and healing action...[and] in addition possesses as much nutrition as. . . oatmeal. . .”

    1968, Henrietta Rau, Healing with Herbs
    “Red elm is one of the finest and most valuable remedies in the herbal world and should be in every home; there is nothing in this world to equal it. . . .”

    1969, Alma Hutchens, Indian Herbalogy of North America
    “. . .will sustain ulcerated and cancerous stomach [and bowels] when nothing else will.”

    1976, Dr. Christopher, School of Natural Healing
    “Slippery elm is one of the most valuable medicines in the herbal world.”

    1977, John Heinerman, Herbal Medicines
    “As a poultice, there is, perhaps, nothing within the bounds of medical knowledge equal to the Slippery Elm bark.”

    2006, Steven Foster and Rebecca Johnson, Desk Reference to Nature’s Medicine,
    “The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recognizes slippery elm as a safe and effective option for sore throat and cough.” “Slippery elm is one of four main ingredients in two of the most widely used herbal cancer treatments. . . .”

    2010, Steven Foster, Rebecca Johnson; Tieraona Low Dog MD, and David Kiefer MD,  National Geographic Guide to Medicinal Herbs
    “Slippery elm is generally well tolerated. But it is not recommended for those with bile duct obstruction or gallstones.” “Other drugs should be taken one hour prior to or several hours after consumption of slippery elm, as it may slow the absorption of oral medications.”

    “Beware of slippery elm respiratory formulas in capsules or tablets to be swallowed as this negates any demulcent action on the throat.”

    Undated    “Here is a rare delight.  How good            
                     A medicine that is also food                  
                     For he who nothing takes besides              
                     For many days is well supplied.”                
                                        Attributed to Christmas Humphreys
  • Saturday, March 02, 2013 8:06 PM | Anonymous
    And here come the plants! (Again, as always.)

    Look, the snowdrops are blooming. (Actually, they were blooming last month for my birthday, but I only caught a quick glimpse of them before they were buried by snow and so I didn’t get a photo for you until today.)

    Time to take off your shoes and go for your first barefoot walk of the year. (Even if you only take three steps; do it!)

    This week we are continuing to explore one of my favorite herbs (and one of the safest herbs in the world to use): Grandmother Slippery Elm. If you haven’t already tried the oatmeal cooked with slippery elm from last week, here’s another chance to change forever how you eat your oats. (And if you did try my “value-added” oatmeal, let us know how you liked it.)

    I know you thoroughly enjoyed watching my granddaughter Monica Jean make slippery elm balls. Have you (and the children in your life) made some too? If not, now you have another chance. Make the time to make this sovereign remedy. And take it with you where ever you go.

    I never leave home without my slippery elm balls. They are there for me and for anyone I meet along the way who needs a nourishing, soothing, healing herb. (That is all of us at one time or another, isn’t it?) Acid indigestion flees. Sore throats are banished. Bladder is happy. Guts are relaxed. Oh yes, we all need some slippery elm.

    Since slippery elm is native to the northeastern parts of North America, it is not found in the classic herbals of the European and Russian traditions. But both the Native Americans and the New Americans used it extensively, for food, medicine, cordage, bandages, and more.

    Ancient fabrics found in Ohio, dated to around 300 BCE, were made of slippery elm bark.

    This is one fascinating tree.

    Green blessings are all around us.


  • Friday, February 22, 2013 7:27 PM | Anonymous
    Moss & Lichen

    Of course I haven’t been spending all my time inside.

    I have out and about on the land, looking intently at the non-flowering plants that are still green and growing: the ferns, mosses, lichens, and related hardy life forms.

    Here is a gallery of beauty from the non-flowering plants of the mesa at the Wise Woman Center. Check out the expanded ezine for more photos and info on using these green allies.
    Enjoy :)

  • Friday, February 22, 2013 6:24 PM | Anonymous
    Green greetings to you all!

    I am enjoying the snowy winter and the snow days of “free” time, being inside. I trust you are finding some time, too, to tidy up your herb storage area, dream about the garden/s you will plant, and try out some new herbal potions.

    As you know, I don’t use, or recommend the use of powdered herbs or of herbs in capsules. But there are a few herbs that I do use almost always as powders, such as slippery elm, the herb of the week. In the expanded ezine, we will look more closely at the pros and cons of using powdered herbs.

    When I want to add large amounts of antioxidant culinary herbs (leaves or seeds) to my food, I will often powder them. I grind them in an electric coffee mill that I keep just for powdering herbs.  It grinds dried herbs so finely that “smoke” (tiny particles of ground herb) drift into the air when I take the lid off the grinder.

    And there are a few herbs that I buy as powders, such as slippery elm, because they are too hard or too dense for my little grinder to tackle and survive.

    Ulmus fulva, slippery elm, or red elm, is a small elm tree that prefers wet environments. The inner bark is the part used medicinally. It is best harvested from branches, so it does not require the destruction of any tree. (Elm blight usually kills the tree before it gets to be a dozen years old though.)

    Slippery elm inner bark is a soothing demulcent that coats and eases the digestive system, from the mouth to the throat, into the esophagus and stomach, all through the small and large intestine, right down to the rectum. Folks with IBS, ulcerative colitis, even Crone’s disease hail slippery elm as a miracle.

    Lavish use of slippery elm heals acid reflux and can replace the use of antacids and acid inhibitors.

    Both the inner bark and the powdered inner bark are commonly for sale. The inner bark may be brewed into a tea or an infusion, but the resulting slimy drink has a texture that is hard to handle unless heated and honeyed. In one instance, a woman healed herself of Crone’s disease using a tincture she make from the dried bark.

    While slippery elm grows by my house, I have never harvested it.  I use slippery elm powder that I buy commercially. I mix it with honey and rolled it into slippery elm balls that I can carry with me when I travel and have at hand when home. Slippery elm balls are so easy to make that a child can do it, especially if she is my granddaughter. Or powdered slippery elm can be added to food, as in this nourishing way to start your day.

  • Friday, February 15, 2013 5:14 PM | Anonymous
    There is a woman who lives in the elder tree, so the story goes. In one version, the woman in the elder bush is called Elda Mor. She is the guardian of the elder’s medicine. In Germany she is known as Frau Holle or Frau Holunder. She is a fierce old woman, wise in the ways of plants, and people. She is often referred to as Elder Tree Mother. She is beautiful. She is Alhorn, Holder, Holler, and the “mulberry” bush we go round in song. She is the star of a Grimm’s fairy tale. She is magical. She is the Queen. She is a fierce protector to those who care for her.

    elderberryElda Mor is glad to share, if she is shown respect. If you are not in right relationship with her, she will poison you rather than heal you. If you honor her, she will support you and help you though the hardest times. She will soothe you as only a grandmother can.

    Elda Mor keeps birds in her hair and frogs at her feet. She is never to be cut down. Her fingers search the air for messages. Her leaves shine. If you sleep in her embrace on mid-summer’s night, do not be surprised to wake up in fairyland.

    All parts of elder have been used medicinally. This week we are focusing on the berries, since they dry well and preserve exceptionally well, thus making elder berry a wonderful herb to work with when the earth is blanketed in snow and clouds hide the sun. Not only that, elder remedies are ready quickly, and they are a proven defense against the flu. Good reasons to open your heart and your home to the magic of Elda Mor.

    Come with me to the pantry and the cellar. Let’s see what elder products we have on hand. Oooh! Wine! Preserves! Tincture! Cordial! Dried elder berries! Come with me to the kitchen pharmacy, and let’s make some simple, safe, effective anti-flu remedies with dried elder berries. Let it snow! We don’t care.

    Green blessings are everywhere.
  • Friday, February 08, 2013 11:23 AM | Anonymous


    Welcome to my new, weed walk, and more, ezine. Thank you for honoring me with your choice of me as a mentor.

    Come on in. Because baby, it is cold out there this winter. There’s not been a lot of snow, only enough to keep the goats (and the herbalists) at home, but single digit temperatures. Brrrrr. Now’s the time to focus in on dried and preserved herbs.

    Here is what I plan to do this month:

    ~ Inventory my stash of dried herbs and put them in date order so the oldest are used first.
    ~ Cut any herb that is more than two years old and still whole and mark for immediate use.
    ~ Make tinctures of dried roots and berries.
    ~ Fantasize about what I will plant in the gardens.
    ~ Interview prospective apprentices for live-in, live-out, and Green Goddess Week programs.
    ~ Launch my new mentorship site. Please join me at whatever level suits you best.
    ~ Finish writing my proceedings for the International Herbal Symposium

    I invite you to look over my shoulder this month as I work with hawthorn and elder berries, echinacea and slippery elm.

    Hawthorn (Cratageus) is one of my favorite herbs. It is so generous that all or any of its parts may be used with the same excellent results: the flowers, leaves, and berries are all medicinal. I enjoy a dropperful of hawthorn berry tincture each evening in a cup a Earl Grey tea moderated with honey and goat milk.

    For years I have been making my hawthorn tincture from commercial dried berries. This year, I have a special present: hand-picked hawthorn from wise woman Eagle Song Evans Gardener! Eagle Song, master gardener, community created herbalist, and one of perennial students, sent me some hawthorn leaves, flowers, and berries that she harvested. What a precious gift.

    Let’s see what we can make of the hawthorn she sent, shall we?

    hawthorn flowers and leaves after infusing

    Here’s a bag of flowers and leaves she harvested and dried in the spring. What a fragrance! There’s two ounces of dried herb, so we can make half a gallon (2 quarts/liters) of infusion. If you put the herb in that half-gallon canning jar, I’ll put the water up to boil. This is going to be delicious.

    the sorting tray

    And here’s a bag of hawthorn berries mixed with lots of hawthorn leaves. It would be fine to tincture them together (see video in expanded ezine), I enjoy the leaf infusion so much that I ‘m going to take the time to sort the berries out. Will you join me? I find this kind of work soothing to the mind and psyche. Getting something done without the slightest bit of stress. I only wish there were a story-teller with us. Perhaps we could each share a tale.

    hawthorn berry tincture

    Alright! Here we have a big bag of hawthorn berries. And here are some bottles. Would you like to help me fill them. Ooops, not full, since these are dried berries. Just about half full or even a little less will do just fine. And here is the vodka. Just pour it over the berries, filling the jar to the very top. Ta da! You just made a hawthorn berry tincture.

    Technically, it will be ready to use in six weeks, but when I make tinctures from dried roots and berries, I like to let them sit for a year before using them. The tinctures in the photo are three weeks in the bottle and have turned a deep dark red already.

    Hawthorn is said to be the ideal tonic for the “aging heart.” It is a wonderful way to lower blood pressure and to keep it at a healthy place. For lots more about this herb for the heart, and a weed walk to visit the mosses, click here to upgrade your mentorship to the Ancient Goddess Crystal Level. Click here to enter the expanded ezine if you are already at the Crystal level or above.

    Happy Valentine’s Day.

    Green blessings are all around us.


  • Thursday, January 31, 2013 4:21 PM | Anonymous
    Take Heart From Hawthorn
    by Susun S Weed

    Hawthorn is the tree of May. Its many common names include whitethorn, hagthorn, ladies' meat, quickthorn, maytree, and mayblossom. Its magic and medicine are ancient and memorable. From the earliest records, hawthorn is one of the sacred trees. Hawthorn is the sixth tree of the Ogam cycle, Hath. Hath precedes Quer, the oak, center tree of the cycle of thirteen. Hawthorn is said to guard the hinges and to oversee crafts. A branch of flowering hawthorn placed in studio or workshop is believed to make the craftsperson skilled and successful. Hath shuts what is open and opens what is shut. Her magic, like her medicinal effect, is slow but long lasting.

    The day of the fairies return is not a calendar date, but, according to Ellen Everet Hopman, author of Tree Medicine, Tree Magic, "the day the hawthorn blooms." As the fairy gates open this May, open your heart to hawthorn. Let its beauty and strength imbue you with great heart, for hawthorn is the herb of healthy hearts.

    Hawthorn (Cratageus) is notable for its long thorns and bright red haws (apple-like berries). The thorns may be used as needles; and hedges of thorny hawthorn grow quickly enough to keep even goats at bay. The tasty crimson haws -- called cuckoo's beads, chucky cheese, and pixie pears -- are fermented into wine or baked into little cakes to celebrate the new May.

    The leaves, flowers, and ripe berries of Cratageus oxyacantha taste great and are easily consumed in teas, infusions, and tinctures. Consistent, long-term use of hawthorn is especially recommended for ageing hearts, weak hearts, damaged hearts, and those with hypertension, angina, arrhythmia, heart valve disease, or Reynaud's disease (arterial spasms).

    Regular use of hawthorn can:

    •         Lower blood pressure
    •         Increase the effectiveness of the heart's pumping action       
    •         Strengthen the heart muscle
    •         Slow the heartbeat
    •         Dilate coronary arteries
    •         Prevent heart disease, heart attack, and stroke
    •         Help those healing from heart surgery
    •         Support the immune system
    •         Increase longevity

    The German Commission E -- a scientific body which determines the effectiveness of herbal medicines -- recommends tea or tincture of hawthorn for

    •         Cardiac insufficiency corresponding to stages I and II of the NYHA
    •         Feelings of pressure and tightness in the cardiac region
    •         The aging heart not yet requiring digitalis
    •         Mild bradyarrhythmia
    •         Increasing coronary and myocardial circulation

    There are no contraindications and no overdose of hawthorn. It is safe to take with any other medicine, including other heart medicines. (Though it is redundant to take blood pressure medicine after taking hawthorn for three months.)

    Hawthorn is member of the rose family, and thus closely related to rose hips, apples, cherries, apricots, and almonds. Hawthorn tea is typically made by steeping two teaspoonfuls of dried leaves and flowers in a cup of boiling water for twenty minutes. Hawthorn infusion is made by steeping one ounce of dried flowers and leaves or one ounce of dried haws in a quart of boiling water for at least four hours. I make hawthorn tincture by soaking dried hawthorn haws in 100 proof vodka for at least six months, or until it turns quite red.

    A dose is a cup of tea, half a cup of infusion, or a dropperful of tincture, taken first thing in the morning and last thing at night. For the first three months of use, a third dose, mid-day, may be added. Traditional European herbalists always add a big spoon of honey to hawthorn tea or infusion. They believe that sweetness heals the heart.

    Hawthorn's ability to slowly lower blood pressure is well documented, although the mechanism of its action is unclear. Hawthorn does not block calcium channels nor is it a diuretic. In fact, it is highly regarded as a safe way to lower blood pressure when the patient is diabetic or has kidney disease. An injectable preparation of hawthorn was widely used in modern medicine prior to the introduction of blood pressure drugs and heart-valve surgery. It is still available in Germany.

    The elder Rodale wrote of his heart and its response to hawthorn in Organic Gardening in the mid-fifties. His editorials praising his renewed health and vigor stand as a modern-day testament to an age-old herb.

    The leaves, flower buds, flowers, and berries/haws of the hawthorn are all rich in anti-oxidant flavonoids. Flavonoids benefit the heart and blood vessels in many ways. Their powerful anti-inflammatory effects relax the blood vessels. Their anti-microbial actions stop low-level infections like those associated with gum disease from harming the heart. And flavonoids support healthy functioning of the immune system and the liver. No wonder hawthorn is the herb of longevity in stories and tales!

    In addition to flavonoids, hawthorn is rich in minerals, and contains a small amount of the active principle oligomeric procyanidine (1-epicatechol). Numerous scientific authors have scratched their heads in amazement that hawthorn can have any helpful effect since it has no harmful effect. Pharmacological studies of it constituents evidence "no objectively assessable results." There just isn't enough "active ingredient" to account for its observable actions. But herbalists understand that the magic of hawthorn is in the sum of the parts, not in one active principle.

    The nutrients in hawthorn assist its active ingredient so that the heart and circulatory system are slowly and deeply healed on multiple levels. Hawthorn carries its magnesium and calcium directly to the heart muscles, enhancing their ability to contract and increasing available oxygen. This beneficial effect extends into the coronary blood vessels as well. Hawthorn is unique in its ability to strengthen the weak heart and carry the old heart into a healthy future.

    Hawthorn works thoroughly, dependably, and slowly. Consistent use of the remedy is required for benefits to accrue. But, once gained, improvement persists. I take hawthorn berry tincture several times a week to keep my sixty-plus-year-old heart in great shape.

    There's magic and medicine in the tree of May, hawthorn. Take some home for yourself today.
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